Gyankriti Nomenclature


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F

FMS

Fine Motor Skills
Pre Schoolers benefit from experiences that support the development of fine motor skills in the hands and fingers. Children should have strength and dexterity in their hands and fingers before being asked to manipulate a pencil on paper. Working on dexterity and strength first can eliminate the development of an inappropriate pencil grasp, which is becoming more commonplace as young children are engaged in writing experiences before their hands are ready. The following activities involve the use of manipulatives which will support young children's fine motor development, and will help to build the strength and dexterity necessary to hold a pencil appropriately.
Fine Motor Activities
  • Moulding and rolling plasticine clay into balls - using the palms of the hands facing each other and with fingers curled slightly towards the palm.
  • Rolling plasticine clay into tiny balls using only the finger tips.
  • Using pegs or toothpicks to make designs in plasticine clay.
  • Cutting plasticine clay with a plastic knife or with a pizza wheel.
  • Tearing newspaper into strips and then crumpling them into balls. Use it for any art creation.
  • Crumpling up a sheet of newspaper in one hand.
  • Using a plant sprayer to spray plants, (indoors, outdoors)
  • Picking up objects using tweezers or tongs such as those used while roasting roti. This can be adapted by picking up bead, small cubes.
  • Shaking dice by cupping the hands together, forming an empty air space between the palms.
  • Using small-sized screwdrivers like those found in a ‘mechanix’ set.
  • Lacing and sewing activities such as stringing beads.
  • Using eye droppers to "pick up" coloured water for colour mixing or to make artistic designs on paper.
  • Rolling small balls out of tissue paper and then gluing the balls onto a chart paper to form pictures or designs.
  • Turning over cards, coins, checkers, or buttons, without bringing them to the edge of the table.
  • Making pictures using stickers or self-sticking paper reinforcements.
  • Playing games with finger puppets -the thumb, index, and middle fingers.
  • During circle time have each child's finger puppets tell about what happened over the weekend, or use them in songs and finger plays.

Fortnight

In order to impart the curriculum smoothly the whole academic year is divided into fortnights. There are around 18 working fortnights in an academic year. An academic year is divided into two terms. Therefore, there will be nine fortnights in the first term and nine fortnights in the second term.

Freeplay

Every morning, after keeping their bags and water bottles in the class children go for outdoor free-play. They may play for about 20 minutes. Children are full of energy when they come to school every morning. They are eager to share their experiences and observations of the previous day. The outdoor free-play facilitates physical development, interaction with peers, helps to sustain curiosity, and initiate and foster discovery.